To watch a video of the sermon click (here)
Call to Worship (click)
How many of you have seen or read, “The Hunger Games”? Quite a few of you have, I see. I haven’t read the book yet, and probably won’t go to see the movie. I get a large enough dose of violence just reading about world events. Watching violence on the big screen just freaks me out.
But from what I have learned from reading about it, the hunger games are very deadly.
So, unfortunately, are many of the gender games we play.
It is much more than just stunting the potential of more than half of our population. We do that when we limit the possibilities and career paths open to girls. We are still guiding them mostly toward the caregiving roles. We are also stunting the emotional growth and the career possibilities for our boys, trapping them in the stereotypes of what it means to be a man.
That is deadly enough because it means that we are killing people’s spirits by not allowing them to flourish into their own individuality, with their own unique gifts. It is a huge loss for the person and a huge loss for the world.
The rules of the gender games are enforced primarily by social pressure. If someone really breaks the rules, however, the penalty can be not only violence, but too often it is death.
When Malaya Yousafzai broke the rules in her native land of Pakistan by trying to get an education, an attempt was made on her life. That young girl’s courage and persistence should inspire us all.
How much would you risk to get an education? How much would you risk to be what your culture tells you is not only impossible but wrong?
This coming Wednesday, November 20th is Transgender Remembrance Day. It is a day set aside internationally to remember those who have been killed in the last year because of their gender identity. Pakistan is not the only country where the penalty for breaking gender rules is violence and death.
Some years, we have held an evening service on that day, but the attendance was always sparse. Part of the format of that service is to read the list of names of those people who have been killed in the last year. It is always a partial list. We know there are many more who have died, but reading the names of those we know about can help us remember that they were all someone’s child and that someone loved them. I will now read their names, their ages if known, and their city and state or country where they were killed.
Natália Sotero (age:20) Brazil
Rafael da Silva Tavares (age:21) Brazil
Valeria (age:30) Brazil
Joales dos Santos (age:22) Brazil
Wagner Paula Rodrigues (age:42) Brazil
Otávio Nascimento Valadares (age: 20) Brazil
Ronald Feitosa Souza (age:26) Brazil
Fábio da Conceição Machado (age: 26) Brazil
Jorge Luciano Soares De Oliveira (age: 38) Brazil
Rosa Fernando Domingues (age:36)
Mônica Lewinski (age:38) Brazil
Nicole Galisteu (age:20) Brazil
Stephanie (age:33) Brazil
Dalvalei José Alves Pereira (age:37) Brazil
Fernanda Queiroz Brazil
Angel Francisco Martinez Gonzalez Mexico
Ashley Sinclair Orlando, Florida
Kelly Young Baltimore, Maryland
Palmira Garcia (age:37) Venezuela
Gaye Istanbul, Turkey
Naomi Estrada (age:19) Mexico
Tiffany” Wesley Holder (age 19) Guyana
Adán Amilcar Iglesias (age 20) Honduras
Daniel Mendoza Ricardo Macias (age:23Mexico
Domonique Newburn (age:31) Fontana, California
Islan Nettles (age:21) New York City, New York
Dwayne Jones (age 16) Jamaica
Cemia “CeCe” Dove (age:23) Cleveland, Ohio
Renato Espinosa Reyes (age:23) Mexico
Yeison Ramirez Acosta (age:22) Colombia
Eyricka Morgan (age:26) New Brunswick, New Jersey
Mylene (age:42) France
Evon Young (age:22) Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Artegus Konyale Madden (age:37) Savannah, Texas
Dora Oezer (age:24) Turkey
Natascha (age:27) Brazil
Brunete Nascimento Chagas (age:22) Brazil
Hilary Molina Mendiola Mexico
S. Athiswaran (age:31) Malaysia
Gunce Hatun Turkey
Diamond Williams (age:31) Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Terry Golston Shreveport,Louisiana
Jock Maurice McKinney (aka Valarie) Shreveport,Louisiana
Dicky Othman Malaysia
Fatima Woods (age:53) Malaysia
Melony Smith (age:28) Baldwin Park, California
I wish that list was much shorter even while I know that in reality it is much longer. Some countries, such as Brazil, are just better at reporting these deaths. If we knew all the names it would take us more than a full day to read them.
These people were victims of our static gender roles. They broke the rules by not living within the cultural norms of how women and men should be.
Those norms are maintained by violence, and people who appear to be transgender bare the brunt of that violence.
Just the other week, an 18-year-old high school student named Sasha was riding a city bus in Oakland, California and fell asleep. Sasha was wearing a skirt, but appeared to be male. A sixteen year old set fire to the skirt. Sasha is still hospitalized with severe burns.
As horrible as these crimes are, it is important to understand that that they are not isolated aberrations. They are not simply crimes committed by warped individuals. They are part of the gender system. It is hard to call it a game because it is so deadly, but they are only the most obvious means of social control and for punishment when you break the rules.
You know this. How many of the men here have been called a sissy when you were young simply because you dared to shed a tear or two? How many of you were beaten up or called a faggot because you were lousy at sports?
Girls are called dykes if they are too assertive. If they are brave, they are told they have balls.
It is crazy. It is mean. It does damage to people’s souls and their sense of wholeness and worth.
It is where a lot of homophobia comes from I think. If gay people have all the rights, privileges, and responsibilities that heterosexuals do, then what will we threaten our children with if they want to do something that is out of the norm for their gender?
Telling a child that they “must be gay,” loses all of its negative punch if it is no big deal to be gay.
There may be some natural differences between the genders. Anne and I have three children. One of our sons is an accountant and the other is a chemist. Our daughter has been a special education teacher and she is now working for an educational non-profit. They all seem well suited as individuals for what they are doing, even though they have chosen careers that match the stereotypical gender roles in our culture.
There aren’t any wrong choices for our children, but we do have to make sure that they are real choices, not just the results of the limitations imposed upon them because of their gender. We always told our kids that they could choose to be and do whatever they wanted. There was no guarantee of success, but ours was definitely a family that did not have specific gender roles that they felt compelled to follow.
Which is why the legalization and acceptance of same gender marriage really is a threat to traditional marriage. It isn’t a threat to heterosexual marriage at all, but it does directly challenge traditional gender roles. Guess what, though, all you straight couples that try and equalize the power dynamics within your relationships, you too are a threat to traditional marriage.
Congratulations! It is work well worth doing for your daughters and for your sons.
But let me go back to the issue of violence for a minute. The violence against people who are transgender is the most extreme example of punishment for breaking the gender rules. Anti-gay violence is another.
We also have sexual violence, usually used against women and girls, but sometimes against men as well. Some have referred to it as a culture of rape. Women and even young girls are sexualized to the extent that their bodies are seen as primarily objects of sexual desire. Fashion and popular culture play into it. Girls are cautioned not to go out at night unless they are in a large group or have a male escort. The risk of assault and rape is high, so it is understandable that parents offer this advice. The fear of rape limits the choices of women. It too is a form of social control based on violence or the threat of violence.
Let me share some statistics:
Average number of rape cases reported in the US annually 89,000
Percent of women who experienced an attempted or completed rape 16%
Percent of men who experienced an attempted or completed rape 3%
Percent of victims raped by a friend or acquaintance 38%
Percent raped by a stranger 26%
And perhaps the scariest statistic of all:
Percent of rapes that are never reported to authorities 60%
That is a truly horrifying number. All the numbers are disturbing because violence is disturbing, but why are so few rapes reported? If someone is robbed or their home is burglarized, it is almost always going to be reported to the police. People are not afraid of admitting that their wallet was stolen. They know that no one will say it was their own fault. No one will consider them “damaged goods.”
So we have the violence of rape, coupled with the social stigma that, in some circles at least, becomes attached to the victim. No wonder young women are afraid to go out alone at night. No wonder some boys learn that they don’t have to take no for an answer.
But some young women do go out at night. Some, like Malaya dare to learn what girls are not supposed to learn. Some young men learn that no means no and that the freely given love and respect of an equal is so much sweeter than anything they can demand or try to force.
The gender games don’t have to be so violent. We all really can be just who we are, respected and treasured. We need to recognize the courage of those who dare to live authentic lives. They are heroes who refuse to play the gender game by someone else rules.
In the words of Holly Near, that Beth sang earlier,
“Something changes in me when I witness someone’s courage
Something changes in me anytime there’s someone standing
For the right to be completely all the good things that we are
Do not forget the children, they are singers in the storm
And when their hearts are threatened, well a fire is bound to start
It wakes us up at midnight, we feel an ancient pain
And I do believe that loves directs the flame”
May we let love direct our flame. May we let its light shine upon the gender games.